in case you have noticed a build up of scum on your shower doors or perhaps dishwasher, or if you feel your home’s shower is not leaving you as clean as it once did, you may have a problem with water which is hard.
One of the best ways to ease the issue is to have a water softener installed to deal with the water of yours. In this article, we will talk about the details of water softeners, why hard water isn’t great for your home and also the big difference between water softening and water conditioning.
The problem with hard water
Water which is hard would be the result of too many metals or even minerals – calcium, magnesium and the like – in your water. These metals are acquired by the groundwater through the dissolution of surrounding soil and rock. Water hardness is calculated by grains per gallon (GPG) or milligrams per liter (mg/L). Industry standards define a grain as 64.8 milligrams of calcium carbonate, and if tests show your water is at one GPG or less, then you’ve soft water, with water which is hard being defined at approximately 7-10.5 GPG.
Hard water causes dissolved calcium and magnesium precipitate (scale) to accumulate inside pipes, industrial machines, water heaters, etc. The scale lessens heat and water flow conduction, as well as can entirely clog pipes. Another negative result of water that is hard is it reduces soap’s lathering capabilities, and will react with soap to form a gooey, scum like substance.
How the method works
If the home of yours or perhaps business is plagued with water which is hard, one of the best methods to do away with it is to have a water softener installed. The appliance runs on the convention that calcium and magnesium ions will switch places with ions that end up in softer water (i.e. sodium, etc.). The amount of sodium added to your drinking water is minimal and well below FDA standards.
The ion replacement procedure is done within a tank filled with resin or perhaps zeolite (small polystyrene beads). The beads contain a negative charge, which bonds with the sodium ions, as they have a positive charge. Water flows by the beads, and the sodium ions switch with the calcium and magnesium ions.
Even though the plastic beads “do all the work,” it is important salt is in the softener. The reason is that calcium and magnesium replace sodium in the beads, and once this happens, the appliance will not be in a position to soften water. The answer for this issue is designed for the water softener to enter a regeneration cycle to soak the beads in sodium chloride (the water softening salt), and the sodium will result in the magnesium and calcium to give way, and the beads will be recharged with sodium. The regeneration process is going to result in a lot of salt water (approximately 25 gallons).
Softening or even conditioning?
Many use the terms “water softeners” and “water conditioners” interchangeably, but there are incredibly big differences and uses between the two appliances.
Water conditioners remove sediment, chlorine, chemicals and other foreign materials while treating water hardness, and a water softener does not treat water for anything other than hardness. Both appliances are capable of dealing with water hardness, but the result from each will feel different.
A water conditioner processes water through a device which prevents scale and produces a slight drop in pressure, and this causes the hardness minerals to be kept in a state of suspension for 3 days. The water flows through a catalyst which enhances the process, through the magnetic field which in turn forces the 72-hour suspension then through a KDF, which displaces chlorine, bad tastes and metals, and blocks bacteria growth.
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